An Attempt to Relate Depth of Styled Penetration to the Transmission Efficiency of Two Aphid Vectors1

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Abstract:

The artichoke latent virus was transmitted from infected artichoke, Cynara scolymus L., to garden pea by Myws persicae (Sulzer) and Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris). M. persicae transmitted the virus at about 10% efficiency after either a 15 or a 3D-sec artificially terminated acquisition probe, but A. pisum transmitted only after a 30-sec probe. The possibility that the stylets of A. pisum did not penetrate until sometime after 15 sec of labial contact was checked by measuring the length of exposed stylets after 15- and 30-sec probes. Both species were found to have exposed stylets after such probes, but more of them had exposed stylets after a 30-sec probe than after a 15-sec probe. Thus transmission efficiency did not appear to be a function of the depth or frequency of stylet penetration.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1964

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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