Population Dynamics of Spider Mites Influenced by DDT1,2
Authors: ATTIAH, H. H.; BOUDREAUX, H. B.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 57, Number 1, February 1964 , pp. 53-57(5)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Tetranychus urticae Koeh and T. telarius (L.) exhibit a decided tendency to disperse from crowded colonies. If dense colonies are confined, longevity and oviposition by adults arc reduced, and young have less success in maturing. Crowding does not affect hatchability of eggs. Treatment with DDT does not enhance dispersion except at high levels of dosage, and the high levels lire toxic, especially to emhryonated eggs and larvae. Emulsified DDT is more toxic than DDT in wet table powder suspension. It is postulated that the outbreaks of spider mites resulting from DDT treatment of crops are the result mainly of: DDT causing dispersion indirectly through the removal of natural enemies, which in turn allows dense local populations to develop. This results in dispersion as a result of crowding and with dispersion to predator-free surfaces, there follows an increase in the population to economically harmful levels. The terminology used for the species of Tetranychus follows that of Boudreaux and Dosse (1963).
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 1964
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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