Nutrition of the Boll Weevil Larva
Author: VANDEHZANT, ERMA S.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 56, Number 3, June 1963 , pp. 357-362(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Dietary requirements of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis Boheman, larva reared on a purified casein diet are reported.
Compounds of myo-inositol are just as effective in promoting growth us file inositol. Choline is needed and cannot be replaced by betaine, carnitine, or ethanolamine. Dietary fat improves development of the larvae and permits more larvae to become adults. Sterols are indispensable for growth; cholesterol, stigmasterol, and sitosterol can all he used.
Six B-vitamins found to be needed in casein diets are pantothenic acid, thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, niacinamide, and folic acid. Biotin was not required. In the tests performed, antimetabolites of thiamine, biotin, and pantothenic acid did not interfere with growth.
Sodium alginate, used in previous diets as a stabilizer, was found to inhibit growth.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1963-06-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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