Ethylene Dibromide Water Dips for Destroying Fruit Fly Infestations of Quarantine Significance in Papayas
Authors: BURDITT JR., A. K.; BALOCK, J. W.; HINMAN, F. G.; SEO, S. T.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 56, Number 3, June 1963 , pp. 289-292(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:An ethylene dibromide-hot water dip treatment for destroying fruit fly infestations and controlling anthracnose rot in papayas is described. Submerging the fruits for 20 minutes in a solution containing l08 or 120 mg. of EDB (ethylene dibromide) per litter of water at temperatures of 115° or 110., respectively, gave mortality of fruit flies exceeding 99.9968%, equal to a probit of 9.0 Most of the organic bromides were lost or converted to inorganic bromides within 3 days after treatment. Continued use could be made of a dip by replacing lost amounts of EDB or starting with an excess of fumigant in the mixture. Posttreatment cooling in cold water did not appear to influence the effectiveness of dosages needed for quarantine security. When complete immersion to control anthracnose was not necessary, fruits were floated in the solution without decreasing mortality of fruit flies. Increasing the concentrations of EDB in the dip permitted use of lower temperatures or shorter time intervals for effective control of fruit fly infestations but not for postharvest rot.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1963-06-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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