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Imported Fire Ant Toxic Bait Studies: Evaluation of Carriers for Oil Baits1

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Wheat bran, puffed barley grits, corncob grits, corncob pith, okra and kenaf hurds, sawdust, vermiculite and various clay granules were evaluated as carriers for oil baits for the imported fire ant, Solenopsis saevissima richteri Forel. While satisfactory baits were made with several of the carriers, the corncob grits baits were the most practical and the easiest to formulate and distribute with conventional equipment. The most effective formulation tested consisted of corncob grits 85%, soybean oil 14.925%, and mirex, formerly called GC-1283, (dodecachlorooc-tahydro- l,3,4-metheno-2H-cyclobuta [cd]pentalene), or KeponeĀ® (decachlorooctahydro-1 ,3,4-metheno-2H-cyclobuta [cd]pentalen- 2-one) 0.75%. Field tests with this bait consistently gave more than 95% control at rates of 5 to 20 pounds per acre (1.7 to 6.8 gill. of insecticide per acre). Other tests showed that this bait did not lose its effectiveness when aged up to 48 days and that peanut oil, tallow, tallow oil, yellow grease, and grease oil compared favorably with soybean oil as the food attractant.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 1963

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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