Experimental Basis for Estimating Insecticides and Acaricides by Comparative Bioassay1
Authors: AREEKUL, SUTHARM; HARWOOD, ROBERT F.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 55, Number 6, December 1962 , pp. 894-899(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Mortality patterns based on the LD50 dosage for each of four organisms (vinegar fly (Drosophila melanogaster Meigen), rusty grain beetle (Cryptolestes ferrugineus (Stephens), mushroom mite (Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank)), and brine shrimp (Artemia salina (Leach)) were obtained for 31 highly purified insecticides and acaricides. Eight of the compounds were clearly separable. Rather characteristic patterns were obtained for four others, and three pairs are indistinguishable. The remaining toxicants can be distinguished when the appropriate LD50 is used as a base dosage. Group toxicity characteristics were noted for the eyclodiene compounds and lindane, for several organophosphorus compounds, and for specific acaricides. Various problems to be encountered in practical residue analyses are speculated upon.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1962-12-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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