Absorption and Metabolism of Ruelene by Arthropods1

Authors: BRADY, JR., U. E.; ARTHUR, B. W.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 55, Number 6, December 1962 , pp. 833-836(4)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

The absorption and metabolism of P32-labeled Ruelene® (0- 4-tert-butyl-2-chlorophenyl O-methyl methylphosphoramidate) was studied in 16 species of arthropods. The house fly, Musca domestica L.; stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.); yellow meal-worm, Tenebrio molitor L.; and American cockroach,Periplaneta americana (L.), absorbed greater than 80% of the topically applied dose by 24 hours after treatment, whereas the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis Boheman; Gulf Coast tick, Amblyomma maculatum and brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille), absorbed less than 2.5% of the applied dose. In general, adult Diptera degraded Ruelene more completely than Lepidoptera larvae, adult Coleoptera, or adult Hemiptera. Most of the radioactivity in the acetone extract of insects had the same Rf as Ruelene. The metabolism of Ruelene by insects and ticks was less complex than in mammals. Selectivity was probably a function of absorption and detoxification rates in naturally tolerant and in susceptible arthropod species.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1962

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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