Tests against Face Flies on Cattle in New Jersey During 19611
Authors: GRANETT, PHILIP; HANSENS, ELTON J.; FORGASH, ANDREW J.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 55, Number 5, October 1962 , pp. 655-659(5)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:In 1961 face flies (Musca autumnalis De Geer) were not numerous on New Jersey cattle until in late June and early July, when they became increasingly more annoying, even in southern coastal areas where in 1960 they had been the least troublesome. Since in 1960 temporary relief had been obtained from some insecticides or insecticides plus baits or repellents, tests were continued with various formulations applied in liquid form with customary apparatus and also with specialized equipment such as a mechanic's pump-oiler. In tests on the suitability of various dust applications, beginning with an extension of the laboratory studies of stabilized insecticide dusts, it was found that 1.0% or 2.0% stabilized DDVP markedly reduced face fly annoyance for 6 to 9 hours after application, while DDVP on pyrax was ineffective. DDVP as a combination of water-base spray (at 0.2.5%) applied to the bodies of the animals or a paint or liquid treatment (at 0.5%) on the faces was generally not so effective as the stabilized dust.
A stabilized Ortho Dibrom® (1,2-dibromo-2,2-dichloroethyl dimethyl phosphate) dust (4%) and Dibrom spray (0.6%) provided 50% to 60% reduction for the day of application, but both formulations appeared to cause discomfort to the animals and to the persons who made the applications. When larger quantitites of water-base sprays, 1 pint per animal, were used, SD-4294(dimethy12-(alpha-methylbenzyloxycarbonyl)-1-methylvinyl phosphate) and Gen. Chemical 4072 (2-chloro-1-(2,4- dichlorophenyl) vinyl diethyl phosphate) (0.5%) provided 50% to 60% protection on the day following application, with the latter formulation being slightly superior to the Shell product. Other formulations tried in this way which provided up to 6 but not usually more than 6 hours protection were 1% Bayer 37344 spray (4-(methylthio)-3,5-xylyl methylcarbamate) and 0.12% Diazinon® (O,O-diethyl O- (2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyri- midinyl) phosphorothioate). Some protection was also obtained on day of application from 1% dimethoate as a paint on the faces of the animals; 1% of 2,4 dimethyl benzyl chrysanthemumate spray; synergized pyrethrins as a pressure spray, and as an oil-base spray with Crag Fly Repellent® (butoxy polypropylene glycol) or MGK 1207 (3-chloropropyl n-octyl sulfoxide); and 2% Lethane 384®,(beta-butoxy-beta-thiocyanodiethyl ether) plus Crag Fly Repellent in oil.
Starting with stock material obtained in the field, a small colony of face flies was successfully reared in the laboratory for four generations.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1962-10-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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