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Chemical Attractants for Adult Drosophila Species1

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The development of chemical attractants as baits for Drosophila species is described. A large series of compounds was first tested by means of vial traps in closed containers. The more promising compounds and mixtures were tested by exposure in bottle traps in a closed room. These room tests demonstrated that mixtures were more effective than any one compound. A selection of the Lest compounds and mixtures was given field tests in a humid region with abundant vegetation. The most effective mixture found consisted of malt extract 5%. ethyl alcohol 0.5%. skatole 0.02% and acetal 1%. In field trials, 380 cc. of the attractant solution was mixed with 240 grams of finely ground peat and 40 grams of alfalfa meal to form a paste.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1961

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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