DDT-Resistant Codling Moths on Pears in California1
Authors: MADSEN, HAROLD F.; FALCON, LOUIS A.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 53, Number 6, December 1960 , pp. 1083-1085(3)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Several reports were received indicating inadequate control of codling moth (Carpocapsa pomonella (L.)) on pears with DDT during the 1958 season.Field plots were established in three of the orchards to determine if a resistance problem was present and to evaluate other materials and combinations. Resistance was indicated by poor control with DDT, and no significant difference between plots treated with DDT plus parathion and parathion alone. Guthion® (O,O-dimethyl S-(4-oxo-1,2,3-benzotriazin-3-(4H-yl-methyl) phosphorodithioate) and Ethyl Guthion® 0,0-dicthyl S-(4-oxo-1,2,3-benzotriazin-3-(4H)-ylmethyl) phosphorodithioate) at 1 1/2 pounds per 100 gallons gave excellent control. When the dosage was reduced to 3/4 pound, there was a significant increase in codling moth entires in none thrial but not in another. An emulsion concentrate formulation was not as effective as the wettable powder.Sevin® (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate) provided good control in all of the trials. Kepone® (decachloro8ctahydro-1,3,4-metheno-2H-cyclobuta[ed] pentalen-2-one) and Trithion® (S-(p-chlorophenylthio)methyl O,O-diethyl phosphorodithioate) did not provide commercial control. Diazinon® (O,O-diethyl O-(2-isopropyl-4-methyl-6-pyrimidinyl) phosphorothioate) was effective when used at 2-week intervals, but was not satisfactory when compared with Sevin and Guthion in a standard schedule timed by bait pan catches.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1960-12-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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