Biology and Control of the Little House Fly, Fannia canicularis, in Massachusetts1
Author: STEVE, PETER C.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 53, Number 6, December 1960 , pp. 999-1004(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:The little house fly (Fannia canicularis (L.)) has become a serious annoyance problem on many l\1:assaehusetts poultry farms. In the laboratory, the larvae were reared in a modified Chemical Specialties Manufacturers Association (C.S.M.A.) medium. At an air temperature of 80., the approximate developmental periods for the immature stages were as follows: egg 1 1/2 to 2 days, larva 8 to 10 days and pupa 9 to 10 days. The total developmental period from egg to adult was 18 1/2 to 22 days and from egg to egg, 22 to 27 days. The sex ratio of emerging adults was approximately 0.5. At 80. and 65% relative humidity, 50% of the male population died within 14 days after emergence, with some living up to 28days, while 50% of the female population died within 24 days with a few living for 54 days. Chicken manure was a preferred oviposition medium. Adults were unable to fly against winds that exceeded 16 m. p. h In the field, more than one-half of the poultry farms inspected employed the pit system of droppings management and these farms had heavier fly populations than farms which effectively employed the open floor system. Observations on the distribution of overwintering larvae in the dropping pits arc presented. All stages except the egg were found during the winter months. Adults became active in early March and were Present in large numbers throughout the summer until mid-October. Adults were also present in homes near poultry farms except during the month of February. A preference of adults for cooler areas under 84. was apparent. Field recognition characters of the adult and larvae are discussed.
The use of parathion-Diazinon® (O,O-diethyl O-(2-isopropyl- 4-methyl-6-pyrimidinyl) phosphorothioate) treated cords gave excellent seasonal control of the little house fly but supplemental treatments with baits were necessary against M U8ca domestica L.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1960-12-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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