A Biotype of the Spotted Alfalfa Aphid on Alfalfa1
Authors: PESHO, G. R.; LIEBERMAN, F. V.; LEHMAN, W. F.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 53, Number 1, February 1960 , pp. 146-150(5)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:In February 1958, near El Centro, California, symptoms of susceptibility to the spotted alfalfa aphid (Therioaphis maculate (Buckton)) were observed in the previously resistant alfalfa clone N(evada)-1018. A series of tests from March to October demonstrated that a biotype, designated ENT A, was capable of surviving and reproducing on three of the eight parent clones of the aphid-resistant nondormant variety Moapa. The new biotype did not show a similar reaction to five other Moapa parent clones tested or to any of the five parent clones of Lahontan, a variety also resistant to this aphid. Comparisons were made with a standard working culture of the aphid, designated ENT B, originated and maintained at Bakersfield, California. In a cage test of Moapa as a variety grown from breeder seed, biotype ENT A produced much higher populations but plant mortality was not increased. Little damage to Moapa should occur unless or until biotype ENT A becomes dominant in the aphid population of an area. Even so, populations on Moapa can be expected to be much lower than those that develop on susceptible varieties
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1960-02-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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