Nature of the Attractant in Sucrose Fed on by House Flies 1

Authors: ACREE, JR., FRED; DAVIS, P. L.; SPEAR, S. F.; LABRECQUE, G. C.; WILSON, H. G.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 52, Number 5, October 1959 , pp. 981-985(5)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

The attractiveness to house flies (Musca domestica L.) of traps containing other house flies feeding on sucrose is probably related to a relative-humidity gradient generated by the moisture excreted by the flies. In a group of tests run at 50 to 73% ambient relative humidity flies responded to traps in which the relative humidity was 18 to 38% higher than the ambient value. The addition of about 6% of water to sucrose increased its attractiveness in Petri-dish tests so that the mixture was usually more attractive than sucrose fed on by house flies. No evidence was found for a volatile chemical reaction product 01 sucrose having appreciable attractiveness. In the tests only 10 to 15% of the f1icswere attracted to fed-on sucrose, indicating that the fly factor is low- order attractant.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1959

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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