Relation of Aphids to the Spread of Cucumber Mosaic Virus in Gladiolus1
Authors: SWENSON, K. G.; NELSON, R. L.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 52, Number 3, June 1959 , pp. 421-425(5)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:A survey was made of the aphid species occurring on gladiolus. Virtual absence of colonization on gladiolus and the presence of alates of at least 18 species led to the conclusion that cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) spread would be largely due to migrating aphids.
Transmission tests were made with a CMV type strain and a CMV isolated frol11 gladiolus. Transmission was obtained with six species not previously recorded as CMV vectors. A literature survey revealed that negative reports of CMV transmission with certain aphid species were based largely on inadequate tests. The conclusion was reached that probably the majority of colonizing or migrating aphid species found in a CMV-susceptible herbaceous crop would be CMV vectors.
The aphid transmissibility of a CMV isolate from daphne was lost during a period of about 9 months or reduced to a level of efficiency not detectable by tests involving 1100 aphids (Myzus peraicae (Sulz.)).
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1959
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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