Studies of Mediterranean Fruit Fly Lures in Florida1

Author: SIMANTON, W. A.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 51, Number 5, October 1958 , pp. 679-682(4)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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The program to eradicate the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.), from Florida requires highly efficient trapping methods to detect the few remaining flies. Angelica seed oil, which is considered the best lure, is in short supply. Two available synthetic esters of 6 methyl cyclohexene carboxylic acid, the secondary butyl ester (ENT 21486, now named siglure) and the isopropyl ester (ENT 21478), were of necessity adopted as supplemental lures. Studies of the volatilization of these lures under summer and winter conditions in Florida led to modifications of vaporizers and dosages for the Steiner trap that greatly improved field trapping operations.

A 2-inch length of 3/4-inch diameter cotton dental roll is a satisfactory vaporizer for siglure. A 9-m1. dose is effective for 2 weeks in the field. Partially wrapping this roll with aluminum foil permits the marc volatile ENT 21478 lure to be used at a similar dosage. A 3/4-inch by 2-inch cotton dental roll partially wrapped with foil is the preferred vaporizer for angelica oil. For best use of this expensive lure, adjustment of initial and renewal dosage is necessary to compensage for variations in volatility and luring power of different lots of oil.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1958

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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