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Biological Control Agents and Toxic ant Producing Plants Introduced into Indonesia1

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The following biological control agents and Toxic ant producing plants have been imported into Indonesia as part of the ICA program: Melcha ornati pennis Cam. from India for control of Scirpophaga rice and cane borers; Schizonotus Laius (Walk.) from United States for control of Fae donia include (Stâl) soybean beetle; Lamprophorus tenebrous (Walker) from Ceylon for Achatina fulica Fer., African snail; Orius insidiosus (Say) from the United States as a general predator, especially of ear worm eggs, aphids and thrips on corn; Apantales chilonisMun, Chelonus munakatae Mun., Microgaster russata Hal., Cremastus chinensis (Vier.), Casinaria sp. from Japan for control of rice borers. Only S. latus, 0. Insidious, A. chilonis, and C. munakatae were released in the field. No evidence of establishment has been noted. Further efforts to establish M. ornatipennis and S. latus are recommended. Because of its susceptibility to predation by village chickens, L. tenebrosus is not considered to have good prospect or being of material value in controlling A. fulica.

Perezia pyraustae Pail. Has been imported and applied in the field to rice and cane borer eggs and larval; Bacillus thuringiensis Berl. has been used on field populations of Plutella moduli pennies (Curt.); from Ceylon a polyhedrosis virus of Prodenia sp. Has been recently received. Sabadilla, Schoenocaulon officinale Schlecht and Champ., and red squill, Urginea maritima Baker were imported and are now multiplying in various field areas.

Teleonemia scrupulosa (Stâl) was transferred from .Java to Timor for the control of lantana and is now establish there.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1958

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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