Recent Attempts to Establish Sugarcane Borer Parasites in Louisiana1,2

Author: CHARPENTIER, LEON J.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 51, Number 2, April 1958 , pp. 163-164(2)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

Tests are being conducted to determine the possibilities of obtaining economic control of the sugarcane borer (Diatraea saccharalis (F.)), a pest of foreign origin, with larval parasites. Two tachinids, the Amazon fly (Metagonistylum minense Towns.) and the Cuban fly (Lixophaga diatraeae (Towns.)), are imported from Trinidad, B.W.I. and released in Louisiana sugarcane fields. In the 1955-56 seasons 55,781 parasites were released on 34 plantations. One hundred and seventy-five release areas were surveyed for establishment during the fall surveys. There were no recoveries of the Amazon fly. The Cuban fly was recovered on all plantations with an average parasitization of 26%. It became established in fields up to 2 miles from the nearest release points. This species has survived the winter in summer plant sugarcane which is not harvested in the year of planting. The best results were obtained in fields in which the parasite over-wintered. Attempts to establish from India four species of parasites of stalk borers and the pink boll worm have been unsuccessful A borer parasite introduced from Florida in 1944 was recovered in 1956.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1958

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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