Respiratory Response of Avocado Fruits to Fumigation Effective Against the Eggs and Larvae of Fruit Flies

Authors: EAKS, IRVING L.; SINCLAIR, WALTON B.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 48, Number 4, August 1955 , pp. 369-372(4)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

The possibility of various fruit flies becoming established in California has been the reason for initiating a program of research on the effectiveness of various sterilization practices against these insects and on the subsequent effect of these practices upon the physiology of the plant material. Although vapor heat sterilization is effective against the insects, chemical fumigation appears more practicable from the standpoint of fruit tolerance (Lindgren & Sinclair 1951; California State Legislature, “Third Special Report on the Control of the Oriental Fruit Fly (Dacus dorsalis) in the Hawaiian Islands,” 1953; Sinclair & Lindgren 1955). Lindgren & Sinclair (1951) observed no injury to avocado fruits after fumigation with 1, 2, or 3 pounds per cubic foot of ethylene dibromide and ethylene chlorobromide for 2 hours at 70° F.; however, these fruits failed to tolerate methyl bromide fumigation at a dosage of 2 pounds per 1000 cubic feet for 4 hours. Subsequently, the fumigation of certain varieties with 2 and 3 pounds of ethylene dibromide per 1000 cubic feet for 2 hours was found to result in surface discoloration (Lindgren et al. 1955).

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1955

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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