The Nutritional Requirements of Screwworm Larvae
Authors: MELVIN, ROY; BUSHLAND, RAYMOND C.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 33, Number 6, December 1940 , pp. 850-852(3)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:The screwworm, Cochliomyia americana C. & P., is one of the most destructive pests of livestock in this country. In nature the larvae live as obligatory parasites on warm-blooded animals, having never been found to complete their growth normally on cold-blooded animals or on carcasses or other non-living media. The earlier work on the biology and methods of control was considerably handicapped by the time-consuming and expensive procedure of rearing the larvae on living animals. By a careful study of their nutritional and temperature requirements it has been possible to develop a method of rearing the larvae on artificial media (Melvin & Bushland 1936) and this has been of distinct importance in furthering research work on larvicides and on many other aspects of the screwworm problem. Since the discovery that these larvae could be reared on artificial media, further studies have been made on their nutritional requirements. The results of these studies, together with notes on incidental observations, are presented herein.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 1940
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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