Preliminary Observations on "Paralysis" of Honeybees
Author: BURNSIDE, C. E.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 26, Number 1, February 1933 , pp. 162-168(7)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Various divergent theories have previously been advanced regarding the cause of the disorder of adult honeybees commonly known as "paralysis." None of these theories have been supported by controlled experiments and practically nothing has been determined concerning the cause or even the nature of this disturbance of adult bees. Many beekeepers practice requeening affected colonies. This treatment is based on the belief that "paralysis" is a hereditary weakness for which the queen is responsible.
This paper reports experiments in which "paralysis" appeared to be successfully transmitted among bees in cages and among bees in colonies. Brood from affected colonies when placed in healthy colonies produced bees which remained healthy. Conversely, brood from healthy colonies when placed in affected colonies produced' bees many of which were later affected by "paralysis." The results obtained seem to indicate that "paralysis" of adult honeybees is a slightly infectious disease that is transmitted directly from sick or dead bees to healthy ones.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1933
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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