Experiments with Copper Carbonate, Lead Arsenate, and other Compounds Against the Mediterranean Fruit Fly in Florida1
Authors: MILLER, RALPH L.; MCBRIDE, O. C.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 24, Number 6, December 1931 , pp. 1119-1131(13)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Copper carbonate used in a solution of syrup and sugar was found to be almost as toxic to the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata Wied.) as was lead arsenate. Many copper compounds and others were found to be quite toxic.
Toxicity was reduced by low temperature, low concentration, and alkalinity of the insecticide mixture. The kill was slower with flies that had previously fed well on normal food and it was reduced by reducing the area covered by the insecticide. Humidity, light, and pressure affected toxicity very little.
Copper carbonate had little effect on citrus trees or fruit whereas lead arsenate caused many leaves to drop and reduced the anhydrous citric acid.
Document Type: Editorial
Publication date: 1931-12-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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