Preliminary Notes on the Depth of Hibernation of Wireworms (Elateridae, Coleoptera)
Authors: MCCOLLOC, J. W.; HAYES, WM. P.; BRYSON, H. R.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 20, Number 4, August 1927 , pp. 561-564(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Since little is known concerning the hibernation of wireworms which pass the winter in the larval stage under the surface of the soil any observations, however meager, are of value in working out the complete life history of these important, injurious insects. Preliminary studies carried on in Kansas consisted of a series of diggings mostly in uncultivated areas where wireworms, theoretically, are the most abundant. No great numbers were found during the two seasons in which the most intensive work was done. During these two seasons the average depth of those found was 7.7 inches in 1922-1923 and 10.1 inches in 1925-1926.
A feature of especial interest brought out by this study is that wireworms were frequently found above a depth of six inches even in mid-winter where they encountered much colder conditions than those deeper in the soil, some of which went down as far as 36 inches. From this it is evident that the frequent recommendation for control of fall plowing to expose the wireworms to the rigors of winter may have less value than is usually attached to such a farm practice.
Document Type: Editorial
Publication date: August 1, 1927
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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