Status of the Japanese Beetle in 1924

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Abstract:

The Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica, increased the area of its distribution during the summer of 1924 to include approximately 5,122 square miles. One infestation of beetles was found near Milton, Penna., a point about 150 miles distant from the main area of infestation. During the summer of 1924 there occurred a migrational flight of the Japanese beetles. About seventy-five per cent of the beetles on the wing at that time proved to be females and the flight lasted approximately four days. During this time the beetles swarmed through the business and residential districts of Philadelphia and outlying points, and it is believed that the majority of the beetles must have flown at least five to seven miles before reaching the city. During this time the insects were alighting on freight cars and vehicles of all kinds, and undoubtedly beetles were carried to some distant points. Methods have been devised for treating the soil to control the larvae which have been exceedingly effective. It has been possible to consistently treat the soil about the roots of nursery stock and obtain a perfect kill of the grubs over 18" below the surface of the soil. It is now possible to treat golf greens infested by the grubs at a relatively small expense, since an outfit has been devised which eliminates the use of large mixing tank and reduces the labor cost nearly one-half in the application of the dilute emulsion. Progress has also been made in the control of the adult beetle. The finding of a constituent of the beetle's food plants which is highly attractive to the adult insect is being developed as a means of overcoming the repellency of the various poison sprays which have been used. Sufficient data were obtained during the past summer to indicate that the Tachinid parasite of the adult Japanese beetle, Centeter cinerea Aldrich, has become established over an area of approximately 12 square miles by the end of the season of 1924. The situation as far as the control of the Japanese beetle is concerned looks most hopeful. As conditions are at the present time the insect is probably as well, if not more effectively controlled, than are many of the more common insect pests.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1925

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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