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The History of Hydrocyanic and Gas Fumigation as an Index to Progress in Economic Entomology

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Hydrocyanic acid gas fumigation was discovered in 1886. From 1886-1893 it underwent decided improvement as a fumigant for citrus trees; 1893-1900, greenhouse, nursery stock, stored products and mill fumigation were introduced; 1907-08, orchard fumigation was standardized; 1910-13, sodium cyanide displaced potassium cyanide; 1912, portable machine generator invented; 1913-14, vacuum fumigation developed; 1916, liquid hydrocyanic acid first used for fumigating; 1923, calcium cyanide dust experimented with as fumigant.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1923

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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