Activity, Feeding, and Development Among Larvae of Specialist and Generalist Phytoseiid Mite Species (Acari: Phytoseiidae)
Authors: Schausberger, P.; Croft, B. A.
Source: Environmental Entomology, Volume 28, Number 2, April 1999 , pp. 322-329(8)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Feeding, development, activity, and other behaviors were assessed among larvae of 13 representative specialist and generalist phytoseiid mite species. Larval feeding types were not associated with degree of specialization. Obligatory-, facultative-, and nonfeeding larvae occurred in highly selective predators as well as in polyphages. Larvae of Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot, P. macropilis (Banks), Kampimodromus aberrans Oudemans, Neoseiulus longispinosus (Evans), N. cucumeris (Oudemans), N. barkeri Hughes, and Typhlodromus pyri Scheuten are nonfeeders; larvae of N. fallacis (Garman), N. californicus (McGregor), and Amblyseius andersoni Chant are facultative feeders; and larvae of Galendromus occidentalis (Nesbitt), Euseius finlandicus (Oudemans), and E. hibisci (Chant) are obligatory feeders. Nonfeeding P. persimilis, P. macropilis, and K. aberrans larvae developed fastest. Obligatory-feeding E. finlandicus and E. hibisci larvae developed slowest. With food, larvae of most species rested after some initial activity, whereas obligatory-feeding larvae of both Euseius species frequently moved throughout the stage. Without food, obligatory-feeding larvae and facultative-feeding N. fallacis larvae were most active. Regardless of larval feeding type, larvae without food walked more and developed slower than those with food. Jerking was defined as an avoidance response and was most frequent in N. fallacis larvae but absent in larvae of K. aberrans and N. barkeri and obligatory-feeding larvae. Profiles of larval traits are provided for each species. Factors leading to specific larval life histories and taxonomic associations of larval feeding types are discussed.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1999-04-01
- Environmental Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes reports on the interaction of insects with the biological, chemical, and physical aspects of their environment and is divided into the following sections: physiological ecology; chemical ecology; population ecology; quantitative ecology; community and ecosystem ecology; biological control--parasitoids and predators; biological control--microbials; biological control--weeds; behavior; pest management; sampling; plant-insect interactions; molecular ecology and evolution; transgenic plants and insects. In addition to research papers, Environmental Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, and Book Reviews.
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