Goniozus legneri (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae): Development, Oviposition, and Longevity in Relation to Temperature
Authors: BUTLER, G. D.; SCHMIDT, K. M.
Source: Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Volume 78, Number 3, May 1985 , pp. 373-375(3)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Goniozus legneri Gordh is known as a parasite of the carob moth, Spectrobates ceratoniae (Zeller), and of the navel orangeworm, Amyelois transitella (Walker). In this study its development on the pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders), was determined at nine constant and three fluctuating temperatures. The duration of the egg-to-prepupal stage varied from 12.8 days at 17°C to 3.1 days at 35°C. The pupal-to-adult stage required an additional 35 days at 17°C and 5.0 days at 35°C. This parasite has ca. 2.5 generations for each generation of its pink bollworm host. At 30°C females live ca. 20.1 days and parasitize ca. 10.9 larvae producing 67.7 cocoons, a much lower value than that reported by others. The heat tolerance, short life cycle, and host searching characteristics of G. legneri indicate that the parasite has potential for release to regulate pink bollworm populations in cotton in Arizona and California.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1985-05-01
- Annals of the Entomological Society of America is published in January, March, May, July, September, and November. Annals especially invites submission of manuscripts that integrate different areas of insect biology, and address issues that are likely to be of broad relevance to entomologists. Articles also report on basic aspects of the biology of arthropods, divided into categories by subject matter: systematics; ecology and population biology; arthropod biology; arthropods in relation to plant diseases; conservation biology and biodiversity; physiology, biochemistry, and toxicology; morphology, histology, and fine structure; genetics; and behavior.
- Editorial Board
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Information for Advertisers
- Visit this journal's homepage
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites