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Therapeutic properties of myrtle essential oil: an in vitro study on human nasal mucosa cells

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Abstract:

Inflammatory processes of the upper airways are common conditions in the general population. In the last decade rhinitis and asthma have significantly affected children as well. Consequently, the request for drugs with a favorable side effects profile has become more and more urgent. We describe histologic actions of myrtle essential oil (Myrtus communis L.) on human nasal mucosa cells harvested from patients with rhinitis. In vitro experimental results seem to confirm historical data on the ability of myrtle essential oil to exert anti-inflammatory and mucolytic actions on the upper airway epithelium and are supported by morphological analyses of samples by light and electron microscopy. The mechanism of action remains to be determined but might include activation of epithelial cells and subsequent recovery from inflammation and restitutio ad integrum.

Keywords: ASTHMA; CULTURE CELLS; MYRTLE ESSENTIAL OIL; RHINITIS; UPPER AIRWAY

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2008

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  • The International Journal of Essential Oil Therapeutics is destined for individuals and establishments that have an interest in the bioactivity of aromatic plants, as well as the potential applications of such activities in human and animal treatment modalities. The Journal publishes a range of pertinent subject matter including in vitro and in vivo research, clinical trials, pilot studies, adverse reaction and drug interaction reports and scientifically based discussion relating to therapeutic applications.
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