The interacting effects of ungulates and fire on forest dynamics: an analysis using the model FORSPACE

Authors: Kramer, K.; Groen, T.A.; van Wieren, S.E.

Source: Forest Ecology and Management, Volume 181, Number 1, 3 August 2003 , pp. 205-222(18)

Publisher: Elsevier

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Keywords: FORSPACE; Fire; Forest dynamics; Grazing; Modelling; Multiple stable states; Ungulates

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Wageningen UR, Alterra, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA , Wageningen, The Netherlands

Publication date: August 3, 2003

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