Spruce budworm defoliation and growth loss in young balsam fir: relationships between volume growth and foliage weight in spaced and unspaced, defoliated and protected stands

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Keywords: Abies balsamea; Choristoneura fumiferana; Defoliation; Foliage weight; Volume

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(02)00484-X

Affiliations: Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Atlantic Forestry Centre, P.O. Box 4000, , NB, E3B 5P7, Fredericton, Canada

Publication date: July 3, 2003

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