Structure and dynamics of an undisturbed old-growth Norway spruce forest on the rising Bothnian coastline

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Keywords: Coastline forest; Contagious; Disorder; Dynamics; Gulf of Bothnia; Old growth; Picea abies; Primary succession; Reverse-J; Stratification; Structure

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Forest Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 901 83 , Umea, Sweden

Publication date: October 1, 2001

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