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Direct ester condensation from a 1:1 mixture of carboxylic acids and alcohols catalyzed by hafnium(IV) or zirconium(IV) salts

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Keywords: catalysts; chemoselective; dehydration; direct ester condensation; esterification; hafnium(IV); zirconium(IV)

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0040-4020(02)00966-3

Affiliations: Present address: Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, 5735 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, 60637, USA.Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, SORST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), Chikusa, 464-8603, Nag

Publication date: October 7, 2002

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