Skip to main content

Open Access Estabilidad fenotípica y densidades de planta de genotipos de estevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert.) en la región Caribe de Colombia Phenotypic stability and plant densities of stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert.) genotypes in the Caribbean Region of Colombia

Download Article:

The full text article is available externally.

The article you have requested is supplied via the DOAJ. View from original source.

This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Los estudios de estabilidad fenotípica son importantes para la siembra de genotipos que muestran un adecuado comportamiento en una o varias zonas. Estevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert.) es una especie recientemente introducida en Colombia, por tanto, los estudios sobre su adaptación en áreas productoras del país son escasos. Esta planta se caracteriza por sintetizar glucósidos de diterpeno altamente edulcorantes con bajo aporte calórico. El presente estudio se realizó en Montería (8° 52' N y 76° 48' O), Colombia, con el objeto de determinar la estabilidad fenotípica de los genotipos Morita 1 y Morita 2 de estevia, sembrados en tres densidades de plantas (25, 12.5 y 6.25 plantas/m²) y dispuestos en un diseño de bloques completos al azar, en tres épocas de siembra en el Caribe húmedo de Colombia. Los resultados más importantes señalan que Morita 2, en densidades de 25 plantas/m², registró los mejores índices de estabilidad para el rendimiento de hoja seca/ha (Pig &61; 0&59; Pid &61; 0). Por su parte, éste mismo genotipo presentó una mayor relación hoja/tallo (1.17 ± 0.3) y mayor contenido de glucósidos totales (0.1586 ± 0.024) cuando la radiación solar fue mayor y las densidades eran entre 12.5 y 25 plantas/m².&60;br&62;Phenotypic stability studies are important to recommend objectively the planting of genotypes showing appropriate behavior in one or more areas. Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bert.), a species of recent cropping in Colombia, is characterized by the capacity of synthesize highly sweeteners diterpene glycosides with low calorie. However, while defining the environmental conditions for production, leaf /stem ratio in the canopy, and the amount of total glycosides, few studies of adaptation have been made in the country. This study was carried out in Montería-Colombia (8°52' N and 76°48' W) to determine the phenotypic stability of two genotypes of stevia (Morita 1 and Morita 2) and three plant densities (25&59; 12.5 and 6.25 plants/ m²) during three sowing seasons in the Humid Colombian Caribbean Region. The experimental design consisted of a randomized complete block. The results showed that Morita 2, established in densities of 25 plants/m², recorded the highest levels of stability for the dry leaf yield per hectare (Pig &61;0&59; Pid &61;0). On the other hand, the same genotype showed a higher leaf/stem ratio (1.17±0.3) and higher content of total glycosides (0.1586±0.024) when radiation is higher and plant densities are between 12.5 and 25 plants/m².
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2011

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more