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From a Model of Lossy Flared Pipes to a General Framework for Simulation of Waveguides

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This paper deals with the theory and application of waveguide modeling of lossy flared acoustic pipes, relying on the Webster-Lokshin equation. This model describes the propagation of longitudinal waves in axisymmetric acoustic pipes with a varying cross-section, visco-thermal losses at the walls, and without assuming planar waves or spherical waves. Solving this model for a piece of pipe leads to a two-port system made of four transfer functions which mimic the global acoustic effects. Moreover, introducing some relevant physical interpretations makes it possible to separate elementary effects due to the geometry of the piece of pipe (section, slope, and curvature) and isolate corresponding elementary transfer functions. From this decomposition a framework is obtained which allows to recover some digital waveguide models introduced earlier in the literature. This work contributes to the standardization of some different waveguide models, and brings a higher level of refinement that is visco-thermal losses combined with curvature effects.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-05-01

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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