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Indirect Combustion Noise: Investigations of Noise Generated by the Acceleration of Flow Inhomogeneities

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The entropy noise mechanism was experimentally investigated under clearly defined flow and boundary conditions on a dedicated test setup. Previous experimental research on the topic of entropy noise could draw only indirect conclusions on the existence of entropy noise due to the complexity of the physical mechanism. In order to reduce this complexity, a reference test rig has been set up within this work. In this test rig well controlled entropy waves were generated by electrical heating. The noise emission of the entropy waves accelerated in an adjacent nozzle flow was measured accurately and therewith a qualitative and quantitative determination of the entropy noise source mechanism could be experimentally accomplished. In addition to this, a parametric study on the quantities relevant for entropy noise was conducted. The results were compared to a one-dimensional theory by Marble & Candel. In a next step investigations on a combustor test rig showed a broadband noise generation mechanism in the frequency range between 1 and 3.2 kHz. The combustor rig was set up with a similar outlet-nozzle geometry like the reference test rig (EWG) and provided therefore outlet-boundary conditions like in real-scale aero-engines (outlet Mach number = 1.0). It was found that this broadband noise has a strong dependency on the nozzle Mach number in the combustor outlet. The summed-up broadband sound pressure level increases exponentially with the nozzle Mach number. However, investigations of comparable cold flow conditions did not show this behavior. Since the results of the reference experiment with artificially generated entropy waves did not show this exponential increase with the nozzle Mach number, this leaves the conclusion, that this additional noise is generated by the interaction of small-scale fluctuations, e.g. in entropy or vorticity, with the turbulent nozzle flow in the combustion chamber outlet nozzle.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-05-01

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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