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Nonlinear Acoustic Imaging of Isoechogenic Objects and Flows Using Ultrasound Wave Phase Conjugation

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The results of theoretical and experimental studies of application of parametric wave phase conjugation (WPC) for nonlinear detection of isoechogenic phantoms and for ultrasonic velocimetry of flows are reported. Experimental WPC harmonic imaging of isoechogenic phantoms in water was demonstrated on an example of cells filled with a mixture of water and methyl alcohol. Variation of methanol concentration allows obtaining some mixtures with varied nonlinear parameters while their linear acoustic impedance remains close to the water's one. Analysis of harmonics of phase conjugate waves (PCW) in automatically con-focal WPC-system provides reliable detection of the phantoms. According to the theoretical predictions the contrasts of images are comparable with, or even stronger, than the ratio of nonlinear parameters of a phantom and its surrounding medium. 3D-simulation of propagation of PCW in heterogeneously nonlinear and moving media is developed. Break of time reversal invariance of WPC in moving media is proposed as a principle of detection and velocimetry of flows. The results of experimental linear and harmonic imaging of flows in water are presented in comparison with theoretical description.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2009

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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