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Optimised Generalised Singular Value Decomposition for Dysphonic Voice Quality Enhancement

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This paper concerns the problem of enhancing voice quality for people suffering from dysphonia, which is mainly due to irregular vibration of the vocal folds. A generalized subspace approach (Generalised Singular Value Decomposition, GSVD) is proposed for enhancement of speech corrupted by additive noise, regardless of whether it is white or not. The clean signal is estimated by nulling the signal components in the noise subspace and retaining the components in the signal subspace. Two approaches are compared, taking into account different choices for the noise component. An optimised adaptive comb filter is applied first, to reduce noise between harmonics. Perceptive and objective voice quality measures demonstrate improvements in voice quality when tested with isolated words coming from dysphonic subjects. The method proposed seems promising, as a first step towards fluent speech denoising for people affected by hoarseness. The aim is to provide users (disabled people, as well as clinicians) with a device allowing intelligible and effortless speech, and useful information concerning possible functional recovery. This could be of use to people in social situations where they interact with non-familiar communication partners, such as at work, and in everyday life.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-09-01

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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