Numerical Modelling of Effect of Tonsillectomy on Production of Czech Vowels
Aim of the study is to numerically examine the effect of tonsillectomy on production of Czech vowels. Similar experimental studies on living subjects are not easily realisable. The finite element (FE) models of the acoustic spaces corresponding to the human vocal tracts and acoustic space around the human head are used in numerical simulations of phonation. Models for Czech vowels /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/ and /u/ are analyzed. The acoustic resonant characteristics of the FE models are studied using modal and transient analyses (excitation by a short pulse). The production of vowels is simulated in time domain using transient analysis of the FE models excited by Liljencrants-Fant's (LF) glottal signal model. Calculated results show that tonsillectomy causes frequency shifts of some formant frequencies mostly down to lower frequencies. Biggest shifts were obtained for 3rd and 4th formants for vowel /o/ ∼300Hz down to lower frequencies, for 3rd (∼450Hz) and 4th (∼150Hz) formants for vowel /u/ and for 4th (∼200Hz) formant of vowel /e/ down too. The frequency shifts of the formants are significantly dependent on position and size of the tonsils.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2006-09-01
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- Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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