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Atmospheric Acoustic Interferometer Tomography of Temperature and Winds

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A technique is described for multiple-path propagation time measurements in the surface layer of the atmosphere. This is based on solving simple bi-directional ray tracing equations on successively higher penetrating paths using propagation times for a short acoustic pulse. Full refractive effects are included for the multi-layer system. The scattering process from turbulence is shown to be capable of providing signals from which phase comparisons can be made and time-of-flight deduced. Simulations demonstrate that the method has potential for deriving continuous temperature and wind profiles. In practice a multiple-beam interferometer can be used at each end of the path. Such an instrument has been designed and is described, together with future planned enhancements.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 November 2005

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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