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Aircraft Sound Propagation Near to the Ground: Measurements and Calculations

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In the framework of acoustic and seismic monitoring of airports for verifying disarmament or peace-keeping agreements the propagation of sound emitted by aircraft close to the ground was investigated. The ground effect due to the porous, grass-covered ground is maximum at around 100 Hz to 200 Hz. The attenuation reaches up to c. 20 dB for a distance of 100 m. In addition, the microphones located close to the ground (h = 0.3 m) show a significant attenuation over a large frequency range above 200 Hz.

By means of an experimentally determined surface impedance propagation calculations were carried out. Transfer functions were calculated which show the frequency dependent attenuation due to the porous ground for a given geometry. Using reference signals measured close to the sound source spectra were calculated corresponding to locations of microphones above the grass-covered ground. The calculated spectra were compared with the measured ones. In the case of transfer function measurements with white noise over a range of 20 m, the calculated spectra agree very well with the actually measured ones. In the case of the jet aircraft, the simulated spectra fit to those of the measured signals only in general appearance of amplitude, and not in phase. This is probably mainly due to an inaccurate localisation of the sound source, its extension, and directivity.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 1999-07-01

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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