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Development and Status of Geography in India: Trends in the 20th & 21st Centuries

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Started in 1920 the geographical teaching in India has completed nearly ninety years with various phases of approaches and applications in time, space and context. The gazetteer approach introduced in British period still impinges the background in spite of ‘postmodernist reconstruction’. The researches in India are mostly identical in themes, approaches and analysis, lacking sense of ‘Indianness’. Moreover, there are not enoughtext books on the geography of India. Spate's India is now dated and moreover inclined to present the western view. At the other end the insider's product, R.L. Singh's India, suffers from integrity and writ of exposures, in spite of reflection on the cultural roots. However, there are enough insights from the historians in this context. The interpretive messages of maps — cosmic to complexity, is missing. And, pattern analysis mostly conceives space as infilling ‘hole’. Such diagnoses are in a positive sense of realisation and awakening.

Keywords: Indian geography; critique; maps; messages; phases of growth; realisation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5848/CSP.0794.00002

Publication date: January 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Uprooting Geographic Thoughts in India: Toward Ecology and Culture in 21st Century
    This book is the first attempt dealing with roots of Indian geographical thought since its beginning in 1920. It emphasises identity of India and Indianness and consciousness among dweller geographers in India; the development and status of geography and its recent trends; Gaia theory and Indian context in search of cosmic integrity; ecospirituality and global message towards interrelatedness; Hindu pilgrimages and its contemporary importance; Mahatma Gandhi and his contribution to sustainable environmental development for global peace and humanism; and new vision to see meeting grounds of the East and the West on the line of reconstruction and reconciliation in the globalising world.
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