Tourism has been one of the most widely disseminated social and economic phenomena since World War II. Tourism and its related activities, such as per capita income and socio-economic welfare, have seen enormous growth in the twentieth century. Each year, more and more people are going abroad and visiting other countries, even other continents. It is expected that approximately 700 million tourists will visit Europe by the year 2020. Turkey is a provider-country in terms of tourism, and is an important example of global tourism development. Its EU membership and close proximity to greater Europe makes Turkey a main player in both the global and European tourism markets. However, there are many social and environmental impacts of this development and these will be discussed in this chapter.
Sustainability of Tourism: Cultural and Environmental Perspectives This book examines policies and practices associated with the introduction of various methods in order to maintain sustainable tourism development. The list of policies and practices is based on a selection of the most recent topics, providing many real-world examples and cases in relation to culture and nature-based environmental issues, representing both individual businesses and tourist destinations with an international focus. Structured with 15 chapters altogether, the principles and guidelines discussed apply equally to different product levels in tourism such as museums, cities, regions, and countries. This volume is intended as a supplementary textbook for further reading.