One of the subjects covered by the discipline of geography is the relation between humans and environment. This relation is tackled with two different approaches. The first one is the effect of environment on human activities and the second is how the man uses the environment (Korkmaz and Gürbüz 2008). The use of notion of cultural ecology “defined as the multi-dimensional interaction of cultures with their natural environment”, in the discipline of geography started after 19th century. Wetlands are ecosystems with high ecological and economic value which host thousands of species (Ozturk and Seçmen 1986; Ozturk et al. 1993; Gürbüz et al. 2008). Among these, the deltas show the most dynamic and complex relations. These host habitats such as sea, river, fresh water lakes and salt lakes as well as pastures, sand dunes and meadows and arable lands surrounding them. Also with its high nutritional content and warmer climate conditions relative to its surrounding, a delta offers unique rich biological diversity (Meriç and Kavruk 2007). Due to these features the wetlands have always been seen as a source of food and raw materials, holding a very important place for the people living nearby and allowing humans to carry out various economic activities such as obtaining water, transportation, agriculture, livestock breeding, wildlife hunting, bush cutting and recreation (TÇV 1993; Seçmen 2004, 2005; Tırıl 2006). Therefore wetlands have been used heavily and a unique wetland cultural ecology has emerged depending on the people's abilities to utilize the wetland (Gürbüz et al. 2008). In order to preserve the ecological values of the natural environment and to allow people to utilize it as much as possible, it is very important to analyse the relations of people living in Göksu Delta with their natural environment. It is essential to demonstrate the ability of people to adapt themselves to this type of natural environment and how they respond to change and situations, whether or not they accept information and ideas. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the way the people living in Göksu Delta perceive their natural environment and their responses towards it.
Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region II The Mediterranean Basin is the largest of the five Mediterranean-climate regions, and one of the largest archipelagos in the world. The basin is located at the intersection of two major landmasses, Eurasia and Africa; and has around five thousand islands, which contribute much to its high diversity and spectacular scenery. This volume continues the analysis of the changes and impacts experienced by the native flora and fauna of the Basin first expounded in 'Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region'.