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Attitudes of Visitors on Recreation and Recreation Facilities: An Application in Pamukkale and Karahayit Destinations

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Leisure time can be defined as a piece of time in life separate from basic vital needs such as sleeping, resting, and personal care (NPS 1938). Leisure time valorisation means passing this time with active and useful activities instead of passive activities such as watching TV or playing games (NPS 1938). The meaning of recreation is tied to activities that offer any contribution to the body and spirit of the participants (Turkay 2008).

According to Williams and Shaw (2009), political changes, sociodemographic factors, technology and the increase in leisure time and income, all impact tourism and recreational activities. Researchers analyse these changes in social contexts and focus their research on family planning, the appropriateness of an area for recreational land use (Kliskey 2000), recreational product preferences of customers (Ellis 2005), and the development of recreational activities in order to enrich their knowledge on recreational use of areas (Wang 2008).

Torkildsen (1999) states that a relationship exists between the social progress of industrial societies and the use of recreational activities. As the urban population increases and industrialization gains more importance for employment, a focus on recreational activities can be observed (Torkildsen 1999). Veal (2002) analyses recreational activities as part of human rights and states that according to the United Nations Declaration of Human Rights and Leisure Time, all members of a society have the right to participate in cultural activities, valorisation of leisure time and relaxing.

Bell (2008) underlines the planning phase of recreation in order to develop recreational services. Recreational planning should be compatible with optimum use of potential resources and satisfaction of the demand in a sustainable way (Bell 2008). In a given recreational area; values, problems, and concerns should firstly be defined. Then, the strong and weak points of these are to be defined in order to develop recreational areas (Eagles and McCool 2002).

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2011

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