Spatial and Communicative Characteristics of Rural Settlements of Kosova
Since the moment when man first decided to build himself a shelter and live in it, he has been forced to secure for himself an economic area: agricultural areas, areas of pastures for livestock development, hunting, etc. For this reason, man has always carefully considered the location of his residence so that he feels much safer in the environment. Therefore the economic activities are located closer to his home. Here then, is a vital distinction between city and countryside and its direct connection with business areas, forests, pastures, etc. Therefore, the population of the village always tends to be surrounded on all sides by these very important areas (Kadic 1978). Thus the notion of village, in spatial terms, not only implies the alignment of houses and the morphological structure of the residence, but also the fields, meadows, pastures, forests, etc. All of these areas, and other natural elements within the defined boundary, can be referred to as “cadastral municipalities” (area of residence and area of work, land of the village or district) or “gemarkung” in German (Pushka 2000).
In this study an attempt has been made to present information on the cadastral municipalities of rural settlements in Kosovo; the definition of cadastral municipalities; their features (such as relation to natural objects, communicative lines, roads and highways); cadastral boundaries of municipalities; and their distance from markets and urban centres etc. To achieve satisfactory results, we have based the study on topographic maps; satellite images, cadastral maps and field work. We also used further methods, such as geostatistical and geospatial methods, case studies, etc.
In urban terms, the cadastral municipality of a village is defined as a territory with certain boundaries, which includes agricultural lands, forests, built surfaces, water flows, the streets and all buildings located in that space (Kresic 1981). The determination of the cadastral municipality type of village may be based on two criteria: the spatial-urban and agro-economic criteria (Simonoviq 1980). The main factors for both of these criteria are origin, size of territory, terrain exposition, the pedological composition of soils, etc. According to the genesis of formation, cadastral municipalities of rural settlements can be divided into two types: the spontaneous and the planned (Ramadani 2004).
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Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region II
The Mediterranean Basin is the largest of the five Mediterranean-climate regions, and one of the largest archipelagos in the world. The basin is located at the intersection of two major landmasses, Eurasia and Africa; and has around five thousand islands, which contribute much to its high diversity and spectacular scenery. This volume continues the analysis of the changes and impacts experienced by the native flora and fauna of the Basin first expounded in 'Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region'.
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