Determination of Suitable Agricultural Land-Use Forms Based on Living Standards in Rural Areas
Throughout history, agriculture has always had a significant role in terms of allowing humans to produce the nutritional products that enabled them to continue to survive. Apart from this, the other important functions of agriculture can be outlined as producing raw materials for nonagriculture sectors, providing employment opportunities, being a factor for psychological balance, and forming the groundwork for financing economic development (Dinler 2000; Eser 1997).
Man has always contemplated over the issues of increasing population, agricultural products produced, and what the agricultural capacity of the world is. This can be thought of man's instinctive feelings of man regarding feeding. Developments observed in agriculture and population, particularly after the industrial revolution, demonstrated the importance of agriculture for humans and proved that the fear that agricultural production might be insufficient due to the above mentioned increase in population is groundless. The factors that caused this result to emerge include the declining population, increased rates due to increased income and education levels, the increase in the level of agricultural production being greater than the population increase as a result of advanced agricultural technologies, and better utilization of arable lands. However, this positive observation about the world in general has some exceptions regarding certain regions and countries. In other words, there is no correlation between population increase and the increase in the level of agricultural production in certain regions and countries, and it is seen that agricultural production lags behind population increase. In countries with agriculture-dominant economies, this situation is the root of various social, economic and political problems. Also, the fact that excess production in countries with above average agricultural production causes market prices to decrease, as well as the related problems in the markets, also affect the producers in these countries and result in new problems caused by excess production.
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Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region II
The Mediterranean Basin is the largest of the five Mediterranean-climate regions, and one of the largest archipelagos in the world. The basin is located at the intersection of two major landmasses, Eurasia and Africa; and has around five thousand islands, which contribute much to its high diversity and spectacular scenery. This volume continues the analysis of the changes and impacts experienced by the native flora and fauna of the Basin first expounded in 'Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region'.
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