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The Examination of Climate Comfortable Conditions in Terms of Coastal Tourism on the Mediterranean Coast of Turkey

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Tourism is one of the human activities most affected by climatic conditions. The climate is, in fact, one of the most important tourism attractions. The climate provides disadvantages and advantages to tourism resorts (Zaninović and Matzarakis 2007). For instance, rainy summers adversely affect sea tourism and weak snowy winters affect skiing tourism as well (de Freitas 2001). On the other hand, tourism activities become intense in certain seasons of the year. The length of the high tourism season varies according to the respective local climate conditions.

The climate conditions which may be accepted as ideal, depending on the sort of the tourism, have vital importance for the competitiveness of a tourism resort (Didascalou et al. 2007). Neither tourism enterprises nor tourists prefer areas with climatic disadvantages. On the other hand, since climate conditions are the basis of the natural resources and attraction of tourism resorts, they may be the main reason for tourists' destination selection. For instance, Jorgensen and Solvoll (1996) have pointed out that more than 84% of the journeys from Norway, where sun bathing opportunities are sparse, to other countries are to those countries and regions with strong sunbathing opportunities (Scott et al. 2004). Madison (2001) also states that British tourists take into consideration, above all else, the climate conditions of the tourism resort they will visit (Corobov 2007).

Since tourism is an activity which depends predominantly on the climate, the first issue when examining a location's tourism potential is the determination of the annual characteristics of the climate in that resort. In this context, the climate comfort situation should also be understood. Climate comfort may be defined as the satisfaction level of the tourist with the climate conditions of the respective tourism environment.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region II
    The Mediterranean Basin is the largest of the five Mediterranean-climate regions, and one of the largest archipelagos in the world. The basin is located at the intersection of two major landmasses, Eurasia and Africa; and has around five thousand islands, which contribute much to its high diversity and spectacular scenery. This volume continues the analysis of the changes and impacts experienced by the native flora and fauna of the Basin first expounded in 'Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region'.
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