An Investigation of Greek Schools within the Ottoman Empire during the 19th and 20th Centuries

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Abstract:

The author of the original document is a Greek educator named Panayotis Oikonomos. Oikonomos pointed out that he took a major part of this section from the work of Dr. Stambolis, which was published in Istanbul. Panayotis Oikonomos was born in 1852 and died in 1931. While he was studying at the University of Athens he was sent to Germany. Having completed his education on pedagogy he returned to Greece. Oikonomos prepared a kind of statistical study giving the numbers of Greek schools, courses, students and teachers and narrating the expenditures of the schools in the Ottoman Empire's geographical regions in the sixth volume of pedagogy encyclopaedia titled Enzyklopadisches Handbuch der Padagogik, which was published in Germany between the years 1903–1911, edited by a pedagogy professor Wilhelm Rein.

One of the Turkish educators, Ali Haydar, translated this section by Oikonomos into Ottoman Turkish (Ileri 2010). Ali Haydar was born in 1883 in Bulgaria, which was an Ottoman province during those days, and he died in 1956. Having completed his four-year education in the Teachers' College, he started teaching in an Ottoman Junior High School and after that he learned German and went to Europe to complete his education on pedagogy. After coming back to his homeland, he worked as a teacher and a principal in various schools. During the First World War, he was appointed as the first secretary in the Ministry of Education, Consultancy Office. He also worked as an assistant at Istanbul University, as a professor of pedagogy at Darülfünun, which can be considered as an equivalent of a University of Sciences in those days, and lectured psychology at the Faculty of Literature. In 1926, the National Education and Morality Delegation was formed by the Ministry of Education and Ali Haydar was invited for the membership of the Board. Ali Haydar was a versatile person, but above all, he was filled with the love of education. He participated in many studies, congresses and meetings on education. During the first years of the Turkish Republic, he participated in the meetings of the Committee of Educational Sciences which provided discussions, possibilities for identifying educational problems, and suggested solutions for them.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2011

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