Tourism activities, which began to attract attention with the “Industrial Revolution”, became more effective, particularly after the 1950s. As some societies became industrialized, the upper classes within those societies began to travel as a luxury. From the onset, tourism began in Turkey, as in some other parts of the world. Our research area, Alanya, Turkey has one of the most beautiful coastlines on the Mediterranean, with many beaches, bays, caves, plateaus and forest areas. The Damlatas Cave, which was discovered in 1948 and became a destination for Health Tourism in 1954, was the initial reason for tourism in the area. In a study of the area, Kökten (1957) states that “in the Alanya Kadıini Cave, it was shown that the history of the region goes back to the Paleozoic Era (20.000 BC-17.000 BC)”. Most of the well-preserved historical sites in the Alanya area, however, go back to Turkish-Muslim era, however, particularly to the Seljuk and Ottoman Empire periods. Works of art found from these eras which are found in the area of study include: the Alanya Castle, the Red Tower (Kızıl Kule), Seljuk Dockyard, Seljuk Armory, Hıdırellez Dede, Alanya Lighthouse, Castle Ramparts and Adam Atacağı (Man Thrower). Indeed, the area is rich in natural and historical features that are valuable to the tourism industry. However, the most fundamental source of richness in the research area is the human, as mankind has known how to utilize the natural richness existing in the area and has left lasting cultural elements to this day. In addition to the historical and natural richness of Alanya, the area is also remarkable for its cuisine culture and its traditional clothing. Alanya, which constitutes the research area of this study, is an eastern district of the Province of Antalya (Fig. 9-1). The area of the research field is about 2.085 km2. Alanya is surrounded by Manavgat (Antalya) to the west, Gündoğmuş (Antalya) to the north, Taşkent (Konya) and Hadim (Konya) to the northeast, Sarıveliler (Karaman) and Gazipaşa (Antalya) to the east and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The research area is located between the northern latitudes 36°30′07″ and 36°36′31″ and the eastern longitudes 31°38′40″ and 32°32′02″.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2008
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Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region The Mediterranean Basin is located at the intersection of two major landmasses, Eurasia and Africa, which contributes to its cultural and high biodiversity. The greatest impacts have been deforestation, habitat fragmentation, intensive grazing and fires, and infrastructure development, especially on the coast, which have distinctly altered the landscape. In view of the valuable natural heritage there is a great need for weighing our ecological impact in order to achieve a balance between biodiversity conservation and human development and above all, how to maintain traditional rural livelihoods in a way that benefits biodiversity. This book synthesizes knowledge from many disciplines to throw some light on the unpredictability of forthcoming changes.