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Prospects for Rural Cultural Tourism in Turkey: Case Study of Karaburun

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Although tourism industries can flourish in countries with relatively little in the way of geographic variation and geographic richness, there are many instances where physical geography determines not only the variety of options available in the planning and development of tourism industries, but also the quality of offerings and the distribution of viable tourist attractions within a region. Geographical position is an important factor in the emergence and development of tourism. Additionally, there is a very close relationship between climate and tourism. A country possessing physical geographical attributes favorable to large-scale tourism can, in turn, invest in key transportation infrastructures as well as in programs to promote preservation of the physical environment.

Countries possess physical properties that offer opportunities for a viable tourism industry often also possess opportunities to develop their cultural resources. Tourism can help to maintain the viability of small farms and rural communities through additional income, a market for handicrafts and organic farm produce (including traditional foods and drinks), and social interaction for country people. Tourism can also enhance opportunities for women (Hall 1998b; Swarbrooke 1996c).

However, businesses associated with tourism need to be wellmanaged as well as broadly sustainable if they are to be an effective component of rural development and to justify significant levels of investment made at the outset by the government. In several transition economies, there is the question of environmental quality, requiring careful regulation and monitoring of trade-offs between economic growth and environmental protection.

Swarbrooke (1996b:465–8) reiterates a forward looking approach through a ‘rural culture continuum [to] combine the best of traditional cultures with exciting, dynamic new cultural infuences’ and he also recognizes the need to ‘balance culture with the economy and the environment, as these are all interrelated and interdependent in rural areas’. According to Swarbrooke, economic well-being and environmental quality go together.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2008

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