The Attitudes of Tourism Establishments Toward the Development of Tourism and Toward Tourism'S Impact on the Environment in Ören (Milas), Türkiye
Abstract:In the past several years, there has been an increased awareness of the role of tourism and the impact of tourism on the economy and on employment, along with its social and environmental implications. This awareness which is related to global consciousness about sustainability issues, has led to more research on tourism development (e.g. Pearce 1995, Cooper & Wanhill, 1997), its economic, socio-cultural and environmental impacts (e.g. Mathieson & Wall, 1982; Butler 2000, Diagne, 2004), and sustainable tourism practices and marketing strategies (e.g. Hall & Lew, 1998; Butler, 1999; Okumuş & Topaloğlu, 2004; Hoballah, 2006).
Neto (2003: 216) argues that “it is now widely recognized not only that uncontrolled tourism expansion is likely to lead to environmental degradation, but also that environmental degradation, in turn, poses a serious threat to tourism activities.” Degradation caused by tourism activities has been intensively reported in case studies (e.g. Garcia & Servera 2003), some of which were based on researching attitudes towards the environmental impact of tourism. Attitudes towards the environmental impact of tourism vary by different interest or stakeholder groups. For example, Akış (2001), Baysan (Külçür) (2001), Baysan (2002, 2005), Baysan & Teberler (2004; 2006 & n.d.) studied the attitudes of various interest groups (namely tourists, accommodation establishments and local people) and found that there are similar perceptions between these different interest groups as well as different attitudes towards tourism development and its environmental impacts. For example, almost all groups believe that tourism businesses should be developed particularly for its economic income and positive environmental impacts but, their perception may differ on who is responsible for creating these impacts and who will pay for the protection of the environment. Thus, it is important to know about attitudes of different interest groups and to plan the direction of tourism development and to prevent detrimental effects of the practices of distinct perceptions.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2008